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历年高考英语情态动词表示“推测性”考例透析

来源:论文联盟  作者:王福祯 [字体: ]

历年高考英语情态动词表示“推测性”考例透析

纵观历年高考英语试题,无论是全国试题还是各省市的试题,几乎每年都有情态动词表示“推测性”的试题。通过对历年高考情态动词考点的分析、探究,可以看出高考对情态动词的考查非常稳定,即情态动词的推测用法。高考考点的“稳定性”告诉我们:高考英语命题是有规律可循的。
  一、can,could
  1表示可能性或推测(惊讶、怀疑、不相信的态度),用于疑问句、否定句和感叹句中。例如:Can this be true?
  This can’t be done by him
  How can this be true?
  【考例】①The World Wide Web is sometimes jokingly called the World Wide Wait because it be very slow(2005浙江)
  Ashould Bmust
  CwillDcan
  ②My MP4 player isn’t in my bagWhere I have put it?(福建2007)
  AcanBmust
  CshouldDwould
  我一生没有请人看过相,因为从前的命运怎样,自己已经晓得了,以后的命运怎样,是自己要打算的。——王永庆
  富贵名誉,自道德来者,如山林中花,自是舒徐繁衍;自功业来者,如盆槛中花,便有迁徙兴废;若以权力得者,如瓶钵中花,其根不植,其萎可立而待矣。——洪应明
  ③I should have been there,but I not find the time(上海2000春季)
  AwouldBcould
  CmightDshould
  ④Mary be in Paris,for I saw her in the town only a few minutes ago(MET 1994)
  Amustn’tBcan’t本文由论文联盟http://wWw.LWlm.cOm收集整理
  Cshouldn’tDmay not
  ⑤Michael be a policeman for he’s much too short(上海1994)
  Aneedn’tBcan’t
  CshouldDmay
  ⑥Mr Bush is on time for everythingHow it be that he was late for the opening ceremony?(上海2001春季)
  AcanBshould
  CmayDmust
  ⑦Isn’t that Ann’s husband over there? ——No,it be him —I’m sure he doesn’t wear glasses(NMET2004)
  Acan’tBmust not
  Cwon’tDmay not
  答案:DABBBAA
  2“can(could)+ have + 过去分词”表示对过去情况可能性的推测,常用于否定句或疑问句,也可用于肯定句,意思是“(不)可能”。could与can表示时间性一样,只是could语气较委婉或说话人把握性更小。
  【考例】① Jack yet,otherwise he would have telephoned me(上海1997)
  Amustn’t have arrived
  Bshouldn’t have arrived
  Ccan’t have arrived
  Dneed not have arrived
  ②Mary be in ParisI saw her in town only a few minutes ago(NMET1994)
  Amustn’tBshouldn’t
  Ccan’tDmay not
  ③I heard they went skiing in the mountains last winter—It true because there was little snow there(北京2002)
  Amay not beBwon’t be
  Ccouldn’t beDmustn’t be
  ④Do you know where David is? I couldn’t find him anywhere
  ——WellHe have gone far
  ——his coat’s still here(湖北2005)
  Ashouldn’tBmustn’t
  Ccan’tDwouldn’t
  ⑤My sister met him at the Grand Theater yesterday afternoon,so he your lecture(上海2000)
  Acouldn’t have attended
  Bneedn’t have attended
  Cmustn’t have attended
  Dshouldn’t have attended

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